In construction, beams are long, horizontal, strong structures. They sustain the structure by distributing the load among the columns. Together, beams and columns transfer the weight and load of the building to the foundation.
Because beams are built horizontally, the weight inside of them pushes downward vertically. The beam’s main function is to withstand the bending forces caused by the load. Generally, steel or reinforced concrete make up the beams.
Purpose of beam
- Connect the frame.
- Resistance of load
- Retaliate with bending moment and shear forces
- Uniform distribution of the loads.
Visnal Steel Construction LLC have skilled structural engineers who design the size and shape of the beams to balance the force and load applied to them.
Steel beam types
- L-section Beam
- T-section Beam
- Channel Beams
Building elements in the shape of bars are also referred to as wide flanges. The middle connecting vertical position is known as a web, and the horizontal portion at the upper and lower side is known as a flange. Because the W-beam is lightweight, it is perfect for modest residential construction.
These beams have flanges that are wider. They are utilized in large residential construction, as well as huge trailers and bridges, because they are heavier than W-beam and I-beam. Steel suppliers advise employing this kind of beam for larger projects since the H-beams’ form enables them to support heavier weights.
I beams, on the other hand, weigh less and have a thinner middle vertical web. Although I beams are already being used in certain residential construction, they are still most frequently used in industrial applications. The I beam may resist force in one direction because of its tiny cross-section.
L- section beam
Often referred to as angle beams, these beams have legs that are not the same length and are linked at a 90-degree angle to form the letter L. They are regularly used to anchor the flooring system to the foundation because they are consistently stable. In order to support the other beams, they also offer a clamp-like construction.
T- section beam
They are structural beams having a “T” shape, as their title indicates. There aren’t many variances depending on the measurements. T stands for equal length if the width and length are the same; T stands for unequal if the width and height are different. They are mostly employed in the construction of tanks and ships.
Channel beams, often known as C beams, are inexpensive and frequently used in residential construction. Short span lengths and mild load applications are where they are used. They are utilized as supports for furniture and residential appliances.